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Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury — or TBI?

TBI occurs as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Categories for TBI are:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe
  • Penetrating

The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion.

According to Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence, from 2000-2019, more than 417,503 service members have been diagnosed with TBI.

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Brain Injury Awareness Month "Be TBI Ready" Infographic

Infographic
2/24/2021
March is Brain Injury Awareness Month. Be TBI Ready. A traumatic brain injury—or TBI—is a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. The severity of the TBI is determined at the time of the injury and may be classified as: mild, moderate, severe, or penetrating.

During Brain Injury Awareness Month, TBICoE and the MHS will promote the theme “Be TBI Ready” — recognizing that health care providers and others in the military community need to be aware of the latest educational trainings, research, fact sheets, and other available resources to prevent, diagnose, and treat TBI.

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Traumatic Brain Injury | Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | TBI Educators

Progressive Return to Activity Following Acute Concussion/Mild TBI

Publication
2/23/2021

The 2021 Progressive Return to Activity (PRA) Following Acute Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Clinical Recommendation is an evidence-based return to activity protocol for primary care managers and concussion/traumatic brain injury (TBI) clinic providers. The PRA is a six-step approach that begins after the provider performs the Military Acute Concussion Evaluation 2 (MACE 2) and diagnoses the patient with a concussion/TBI. The PRA stages start with relative rest and allow service members to gradually increase activities until they receive clearance for return to full duty or activity. In each stage, it offers general and military specific activities and options to help providers manage their patients’ primary symptom clusters. The PRA also offers recommendations on specialty referrals and handouts are available for providers to give patients and leadership.

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March 2021 Toolkit

Publication
2/22/2021

March is nationally recognized as Brain Injury Awareness Month, with the goal of increasing traumatic brain injury (TBI) awareness and improve health care providers’ ability to identify, care for, and treat all those who are affected by TBI. A TBI is a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. According to the Defense Health Agency Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence, 430,720 service members have been diagnosed with a first-time TBI since 2000. The toolkit also contains information on patient Safety Awareness Week, National Nutrition Month and many other graphics and messages you can use for holidays and observances during March.

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March Toolkit | Total Force Fitness | Traumatic Brain Injury

Sleep and TBI

Video
2/8/2021
DHA Seal

Sleep disturbances are common for service members and veterans following a mild TBI, also known as concussion.

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Caregivers share their stories of support for TBI recovery

Article
11/23/2020
Group of people walking and on wheelchairs through the forest

"Recovery is possible to help lead a normal life."

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November Toolkit | Warrior Care Month | National Family Caregivers Month | Traumatic Brain Injury

NICoE & ISC Network maintain TBI care during COVID-19

Article
11/19/2020
Image of United States map with locations noted

The Network leveraged their geographic distribution to help each other quickly adapt to changing times.

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Coronavirus | Traumatic Brain Injury

Sleep After mTBI

Infographic
11/19/2020
Sleep After mTBI

"Sleep After mTBI" is intended for providers to show the importance of screening and treating service members affected by sleep issues following mTBI.

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TBI Champions Roxana Delgado & Victor Medina

Video
11/17/2020
TBI Champions Roxana Delgado & Victor Medina

While he was deployed, retired Army Sgt. 1st Class Victor Medina was in a vehicle that was hit by an explosive device. He sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) that severely impaired some of his physical functions and ability to speak. Medina’s wife, Roxana Delgado, continued her pursuit of a Ph.D. in health sciences and became his caregiver. As they adjusted to a life neither one of them had imagined, their marriage became a new kind of partnership.

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TBI Champion Gary Moran

Video
11/17/2020
TBI Champion Gary Moran

SGM Gary D. Moran shares his TBI recovery story, and tips for talking to kids about TBI.

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TBI Champion Micah Norgard

Video
11/16/2020
TBI Champion Micah Norgard

After 12 years as an infantryman, Norgard's biggest battle was recognizing the cumulative effects of multiple TBIs.

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TBI Champion Beth King

Video
11/16/2020
TBI Champion Beth King

Army veteran Beth King was on a routine mission when her helicopter was struck by an RPG, ultimately resulting in a traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this video, Beth shares the impact of her TBI and how she discovered her new passion along the way — recumbent biking.

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Find Your Story: TBI Champions

Video
11/16/2020
Find Your Story: TBI Champions

In this video, A Head for the Future’s TBI Champions share their experiences with traumatic brain injury and resources that helped them through recovery. They can help you too.

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Talking TBI: Talking to Kids

Video
11/16/2020
Talking TBI: Talking to Kids

While on patrol in Iraq, former U.S. Marine Corps Sgt. Maj. Gary Moran was knocked unconscious by an improvised explosive device, resulting in a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Gary and his son discuss how TBI affected their relationship early on and ultimately brought them closer together.

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Talking TBI: Going Back to School

Video
11/16/2020
Talking TBI: Going Back to School

Marine Corps veteran Chris shares his experience going back to school following his TBI.

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TBI Champion Dalton Mask

Video
11/16/2020
TBI Champion Dalton Mask

Facing a long road to recovery following his TBI, Dalton remained positive and participated in the 2019 Warrior Games.

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