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Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury—or TBI?

TBI occurs as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Categories for TBI are:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe
  • Penetrating

The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion.

According to the Defense Health Agency Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE), 444,328 service members have been diagnosed with a first-time TBI since 2000. The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion. To learn more about TBI numbers, visit the DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers page.

Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness

TBI Topic Page Review Form

The Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE) manages the content on the Health.mil Traumatic Brain Injury Topic Page for the Defense Health Agency (DHA). To submit content for review and approval to this page, Military Health System agencies and other government partners can download and email this form, along with attached content in a Word document, to the TBICoE website manager at dha.TBICoEinfo@mail.mil.

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2020 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
1/28/2021

TBICoE is the Defense Department's office of responsibility for tracking traumatic brain injury data in the U.S. military. Here you'll find data on the number of active-duty service members—anywhere U.S. forces are located—with a first-time TBI diagnosis in calendar year 2020. The data is also broken down by each branch of the armed services.

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DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | Traumatic Brain Injury

Caregivers share their stories of support for TBI recovery

Article
11/23/2020
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"Recovery is possible to help lead a normal life."

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Sleep After mTBI

Infographic
11/19/2020
Sleep After mTBI

"Sleep After mTBI" is intended for providers to show the importance of screening and treating service members affected by sleep issues following mTBI.

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Traumatic Brain Injury | Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | Provider Resources | Brain Injury Awareness Toolkit | Sleep

NICoE & ISC Network maintain TBI care during COVID-19

Article
11/19/2020
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The Network leveraged their geographic distribution to help each other quickly adapt to changing times.

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TBI Champions Roxana Delgado & Victor Medina

Video
11/17/2020
TBI Champions Roxana Delgado & Victor Medina

While he was deployed, retired Army Sgt. 1st Class Victor Medina was in a vehicle that was hit by an explosive device. He sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) that severely impaired some of his physical functions and ability to speak. Medina’s wife, Roxana Delgado, continued her pursuit of a Ph.D. in health sciences and became his caregiver. As they adjusted to a life neither one of them had imagined, their marriage became a new kind of partnership.

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TBI Champion Gary Moran

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11/17/2020
TBI Champion Gary Moran

SGM Gary D. Moran shares his TBI recovery story, and tips for talking to kids about TBI.

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TBI Champion Micah Norgard

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11/16/2020
TBI Champion Micah Norgard

After 12 years as an infantryman, Norgard's biggest battle was recognizing the cumulative effects of multiple TBIs.

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Find Your Story: TBI Champions

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11/16/2020
Find Your Story: TBI Champions

In this video, A Head for the Future’s TBI Champions share their experiences with traumatic brain injury and resources that helped them through recovery. They can help you too.

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TBI Champion Derek Poor

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11/16/2020
TBI Champion Derek Poor

While instructing hand-to-hand combat training, U.S. Army Special Forces veteran Derek Poor slammed his head against a wall and sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Seeing stars and unable to shake his persistent, daily headaches, Poor sought help.

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Talking TBI: Talking to Kids

Video
11/16/2020
Talking TBI: Talking to Kids

While on patrol in Iraq, former U.S. Marine Corps Sgt. Maj. Gary Moran was knocked unconscious by an improvised explosive device, resulting in a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Gary and his son discuss how TBI affected their relationship early on and ultimately brought them closer together.

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Talking TBI: Going Back to School

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11/16/2020
Talking TBI: Going Back to School

Marine Corps veteran Chris shares his experience going back to school following his TBI.

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TBI Champion Dalton Mask

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11/16/2020
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Facing a long road to recovery following his TBI, Dalton remained positive and participated in the 2019 Warrior Games.

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TBI Champion Beth King

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11/16/2020
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Army veteran Beth King was on a routine mission when her helicopter was struck by an RPG, ultimately resulting in a traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this video, Beth shares the impact of her TBI and how she discovered her new passion along the way — recumbent biking.

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Talking TBI: Connect with Others

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11/16/2020
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Navy veteran Amanda Burrill and Army veteran Elana Duffy had a few things in common: They both lived in New York City, experienced traumatic brain injuries (TBI) while in service and were coping with the injuries alone. Until they met each other.

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Progressive Return to Activity Clinical Support Tool Rehabilitation Providers

Publication
11/12/2020

This clinical support tool for rehabilitation providers details the algorithmic approach for enabling service members to return to pre-injury activity after sustaining a concussion/mild TBI. The tool is designed as a pocket-sized reference card, and supports the Progressive Return to Activity Following Acute Concussion/Mild TBI Clinical Recommendation for Rehabilitation Providers

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Traumatic Brain Injury | Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence
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