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Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury—or TBI?

TBI occurs as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Categories for TBI are:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe
  • Penetrating

The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion.

According to the Defense Health Agency Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE), 453,919 service members have been diagnosed with a first-time TBI since 2000. The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion. To learn more about TBI numbers, visit the DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers page.

Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness

TBI Topic Page Review Form

The Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE) manages the content on the Health.mil Traumatic Brain Injury Topic Page for the Defense Health Agency (DHA). To submit content for review and approval to this page, Military Health System agencies and other government partners can download and email this form, along with attached content in a Word document, to the TBICoE website manager at dha.TBICoEinfo@mail.mil.

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Leader Policy Guidance for Mild TBI/Concussion in the Deployed Setting Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet
7/30/2020

This document describes the line leader responsibilities for the Department of Defense (DOD) mandated policy, DOD Instruction 6490.11, “DOD Policy Guidance for the Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury/Concussion in the Deployed Setting,” that applies to all service members involved in potentially concussive events in deployed settings.

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Changes in Behavior, Personality or Mood Following Concussion/mTBI Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet
7/30/2020

This TBICoE fact sheet can be used by health care providers to educate patients with a concussion, or mild TBI, on how to manage changes in mood related to their injury.

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Head Injury and Dizziness Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet
7/30/2020

This TBICoE fact sheet can be used to educate patients with concussion/mild TBI on how to manage dizziness related to their injury.

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Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | Patient and Family Resources | TBI Provider Resources | TBI Educators | Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Resources | Centers of Excellence

Concussion/mTBI and PTSD Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet
7/30/2020

This fact sheet defines concussion/mild traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder and explains how overlapping symptoms often occur. It also describes why it’s important to seek out treatment for both conditions and provides helpful advice on what to tell your family and friends to help in the recovery process.

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Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | Posttraumatic Stress Disorder | Patient and Family Resources | Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Symptoms | TBICoE Research

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) Frequently Asked Questions

Fact Sheet
7/30/2020

This fact sheet provides answers and information to commonly asked questions about chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE.

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Last Updated: May 19, 2022

DHA Address: 7700 Arlington Boulevard | Suite 5101 | Falls Church, VA | 22042-5101

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