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Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury—or TBI?

TBI occurs as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Categories for TBI are:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe
  • Penetrating

The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion.

According to the Defense Health Agency Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE), 453,919 service members have been diagnosed with a first-time TBI since 2000. The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion. To learn more about TBI numbers, visit the DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers page.

Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness

TBI Topic Page Review Form

The Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE) manages the content on the Health.mil Traumatic Brain Injury Topic Page for the Defense Health Agency (DHA). To submit content for review and approval to this page, Military Health System agencies and other government partners can download and email this form, along with attached content in a Word document, to the TBICoE website manager at dha.TBICoEinfo@mail.mil.

You also may be interested in...

2007 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/10/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | TBI Educators | Patient and Family Resources | TBI Provider Resources | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions | Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Resources

2016 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/10/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | TBI Educators | Patient and Family Resources | TBI Provider Resources | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions | Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Resources

2010 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/10/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | TBI Educators | Patient and Family Resources | TBI Provider Resources | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions | Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Resources

2008 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/10/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | TBI Educators | Patient and Family Resources | TBI Provider Resources | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions | Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Resources

2018 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/10/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | TBI Educators | Patient and Family Resources | TBI Provider Resources | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions | Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Resources

2017 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/10/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Resources | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions | Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | TBI Educators | Patient and Family Resources | TBI Provider Resources | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future

2004 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/6/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | TBI Educators | Patient and Family Resources | TBI Provider Resources | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions | Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Resources

2001 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/6/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | TBI Educators | Patient and Family Resources | TBI Provider Resources | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future | Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Resources | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions

2002 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/6/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | TBI Educators | Patient and Family Resources | TBI Provider Resources | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future | Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Resources | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions

2000 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/6/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Resources | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | TBI Educators | Patient and Family Resources | TBI Provider Resources | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division

2003 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/6/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | TBI Educators | Patient and Family Resources | TBI Provider Resources | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions | Traumatic Brain Injury | TBI Resources

2005 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/6/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury | Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | TBI Educators | TBI Provider Resources | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future | Patient and Family Resources | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions | TBI Resources

2006 DoD Worldwide Numbers for TBI

Publication
8/6/2020

DVBIC is the Defense Department’s office of responsibility for tracking TBI data in the U.S. military. On this page you’ll find annual and quarterly reports that provide data on the number of active-duty service members — anywhere U.S. forces are located — with a first-time TBI diagnosis since 2000.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury | Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | TBI Educators | TBI Provider Resources | DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers | Patient and Family Resources | TBICoE Research | A Head for the Future | Armed Forces Health Surveillance Division | Defense Medical Surveillance System | Surveillance Case Definitions | TBI Resources

SCORE Chapter 2

Publication
8/4/2020

Psychoeducational Interventions for Persistent Post-Concussion Symptoms Following Combat-Related Mild TBI Chapter two summarizes the psychoeducational interventions used for the control group in the first SCORE treatment arm (SCORE Arm 1). This educational material has been specifically adapted for use with service members and veterans who experience a more chronic course of symptoms following combat-related concussion. Section one explains the background of psychoeducation in the treatment of mild TBI, and section two provides the psychoeducational tool, called the client’s guide to recovery.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury | Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | TBI Provider Resources

TBICoE Research Review: Multiple TBI/Multiple Concussion

Publication
8/4/2020

Prior history of TBI may predispose an individual to increased risk of subsequent TBI, which may result from less force, and lengthier recovery from post-injury symptoms. Activities such as contact sports and military service carry particular risk for multiple TBI. In addition to acute post-injury difficulties, cumulative TBI may increase the risk of chronic cognitive and functional impairment. Conservative management of post-injury symptoms as part of a medically monitored, progressive plan for returning to activities is recommended for individuals with a history of TBI.

Recommended Content:

Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence | Traumatic Brain Injury | TBICoE Research
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Last Updated: May 19, 2022

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