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Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury—or TBI?

TBI occurs as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Categories for TBI are:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe
  • Penetrating

The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion.

According to the Defense Health Agency Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE), 453,919 service members have been diagnosed with a first-time TBI since 2000. The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion. To learn more about TBI numbers, visit the DOD TBI Worldwide Numbers page.

Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness

TBI Topic Page Review Form

The Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence (TBICoE) manages the content on the Health.mil Traumatic Brain Injury Topic Page for the Defense Health Agency (DHA). To submit content for review and approval to this page, Military Health System agencies and other government partners can download and email this form, along with attached content in a Word document, to the TBICoE website manager at dha.TBICoEinfo@mail.mil.

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SCORE Chapter 3

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8/4/2020

Computerized Cognitive Rehabilitation Interventions for Persistent Symptoms Mild TBI Chapter three describes the computerized cognitive rehabilitation interventions used in the second SCORE treatment arm (SCORE Arm 2).

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TBI Hot Topics Bulletin May 2020

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8/4/2020

Are you a busy health care provider? Not enough time to keep up with research? Stay informed with the TBI Hot Topics Bulletin. We track the latest TBI scientific studies, advances, and discoveries most relevant to health care providers. This issue covers the first quarter of calendar year 2020.

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TBICoE Research Review: Mild TBI and PTSD

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8/4/2020

This research review provides an overview of the topic of co-morbid mild TBI and posttraumatic stress disorder. This review focuses on symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of PTSD and mild TBI symptoms in patients with mild TBI history. While it can be difficult to differentiate symptoms of mild TBI from PTSD symptoms, especially months or years after the injury event, this review aims to present information relevant to understanding these often complex cases.

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TBICoE Research Review: Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

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8/4/2020

The purpose of this research review is to summarize the available peer-reviewed scientific literature regarding the definition, epidemiology, risk factors, pathology and clinical manifestations for CTE.

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DVBIC Publications 1992-2018

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8/4/2020

DVBIC research publications from 1992-2018.

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TBI Hot Topics Bulletin September 2020

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8/4/2020

Are you a busy health care provider? Not enough time to keep up with research? Stay informed with the TBI Hot Topics Bulletin. We track the latest TBI scientific studies, advances, and discoveries most relevant to health care providers. This issue covers the second quarter of calendar year 2020.

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DVBIC Publications 2019

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8/4/2020

Citation information for 2019 publications of DVBIC research.

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Back to School Guide for Academic Success After TBI

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8/3/2020

This booklet provides guidance to service members and veterans who have ongoing symptoms from a TBI and are going to college, university or vocational school. It gives answers to common questions about accommodation plans, financial aid, and assistive technology.

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2019 DVBIC Annual Report

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Return to Activity Educational Guidance for Service Members with Symptoms Following a Concussion

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8/3/2020

This guide is intended to help service members and veterans who have experienced a concussion recover as quickly and safely as possible. It outlines each stage of the recovery process, explains what affected individuals should expect throughout the recovery process, provides guidance on how to track progress and includes a table to track developments.

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MACE 2 Provider Training

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7/31/2020

Full-length medical provider training material for the Military Acute Concussion Evaluation 2 (MACE 2).

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Indications and Conditions for In-Theater Post-Injury Neurocognitive Assessment Tool (NCAT) Testing

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7/31/2020

This clinical recommendation provides background of pre-deployment neurocognitive testing and the use of automated neuropsychological assessment metrics (ANAM).

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Management of Headache Following Concussion/mTBI Clinical Recommendation

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7/31/2020

This clinical recommendation outlines the assessment and management of headache following mild TBI. It includes specific recommendations regarding how health care providers can help patients manage pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment of post-traumatic headache (PTH).

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Management of Headache Following Concussion/mTBI Clinical Support Tool

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This clinical support tool uses an algorithmic approach for health care providers to help assess and manage headache in service members and veterans who sustain a mild TBI and experience post-traumatic headache (PTH). The tool offers providers a step-by-step process to determine the type of headache following mild TBI and indications for emergency or specialty referral.

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MACE 2 Provider Training: Instructor Guide

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7/31/2020

The MACE 2 Instructor Guide provides the curriculum needed for medical providers to train peers on how to properly use the MACE 2.

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Last Updated: May 19, 2022

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