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Epidemiology and Analysis

Beneficiaries of Epidemiology and Analysis Surveillance Report from the U.S. military

The Epidemiology and Analysis (E&A) section performs comprehensive surveillance and analyses of health-related information among military service members and military-associated populations. The E&A section also provides oversight and direction to the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch (AFHSB) satellites located at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.; Dayton, Ohio; and Portsmouth,Va. The satellites have direct interaction with the U.S. military services public health and epidemiology centers, and provide coordinated support and reports for AFHSB and the military services.

E&A leverages two major health surveillance tools maintained by AFHSB's Data Management and Technical Support section to help its staff of epidemiologists, preventive medicine physicians, and data analysts provide timely analyses and reports of actionable health information:

The use of these tools allows E&A to provide health surveillance products to DoD policymakers, military commanders, health care providers, public health officers, and researchers.

E&A's main lines of effort are:

Visual examples of DMSS Reports from the Epidemiology and Analysis Section  at AFHSB

Surveillance Data and DoDSR Serum Requests

The E&A section receives requests for DMSS data and DoDSR serum specimens from numerous DoD health surveillance professionals and researchers by email. These requests focus on ensuring the health of the U.S. military. To request data, please fill out this form. Each request is evaluated for factors such as military relevance, status as research versus public health practice, scientific integrity, and feasibility. Past requests have involved:

  • Tracking service members' health status before and after deployment
  • Communicable diseases
  • Chronic illness and injuries
  • Vaccination rates as well as vaccine effectiveness and safety
  • Sero-epidemiologic surveillance and research studies

To make a request for data, analysis or serum, the requester must meet certain criteria including:

  • A requester must be a military service member or government employee working for a U.S. military organization.
  • The study/ analysis must address a military-relevant topic.
  • The types of requests made to the AFHSB include: Operational Public Health Practice, Research Support, and Clinical Support.

Learn More About E&A

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Norovirus

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8/27/2018
Norovirus

Beginning in 2011, the Operational Infectious Diseases (OID) laboratory at the Naval Health Research Center has undertaken routine surveillance of four U.S. military training facilities to systematically track the prevalence of acute gastroenteritis and to establish its etiologies among U.S. military recruits.

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Leptospirosis

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8/27/2018
Leptospriosis

Leptospirosis: The presence of leptospirosis in the Republic of Korea (ROK) poses a potential threat to more than 40,000 U.S. Armed Forces personnel and their family members who reside in the ROK. This is the first published study for risk assessment of leptospirosis among U.S. Army soldiers assigned to the ROK.

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Staphylococcus

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8/27/2018
Staphylococcus

Staphylococcus: Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI). Military personnel in congregate settings (e.g., training, deployment) are at increased risk for S. aureus colonization and SSTI. For a 7-month period in 2016, an observational cohort study of S. aureus colonization and SSTI among U.S. Navy submariners was ...

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Acute Injuries

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7/25/2018
Service members in the U.S. Armed Forces frequently engage in high levels of physical activity to perform their duties, and such activity can potentially result in training- or duty-related injury.  This report summarizes the incidence, trends, types, external causes, and dispositions of acute injuries among active component U.S. service members over a 10-year surveillance period.

Service members in the U.S. Armed Forces frequently engage in high levels of physical activity to perform their duties, and such activity can potentially result in training- or duty-related injury. This report summarizes the incidence, trends, types, external causes, and dispositions of acute injuries among active component U.S. service members over ...

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Food Allergy

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7/25/2018
Individuals with a history of food-allergy anaphylaxis or a systemic reaction to food do not meet military accession or retention standards and require a waiver in order to serve in the military.  First-line treatment for anaphylaxis includes rapid administration of epinephrine.

Individuals with a history of food-allergy anaphylaxis or a systemic reaction to food do not meet military accession or retention standards and require a waiver in order to serve in the military. First-line treatment for anaphylaxis includes rapid administration of epinephrine.

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Department of Defense Midseason Vaccine Effectiveness Estimates for the 2017-2018 Season, U.S. Armed Forces, 2000–2015 Vaccine Effectiveness

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7/3/2018
Department of Defense Midseason Vaccine Effectiveness Estimates for the 2017-2018 Season, U.S. Armed Forces, 2000–2015 Vaccine Effectiveness

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Hospitalizations, Active Component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2017

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5/23/2018
This report documents the frequencies, rates, trends, and distributions of hospitalizations of active component members of the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps during calendar year 2017.

This report documents the frequencies, rates, trends, and distributions of hospitalizations of active component members of the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps during calendar year 2017.

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Morbidity Burdens Attributable to Various Illnesses and Injuries

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5/23/2018
Morbidity Burdens Attributable to Various Illnesses and Injuries, Deployed Active and Reserve Component Service Member, U.S. Armed Forces, 2017

Morbidity Burdens Attributable to Various Illnesses and Injuries, Deployed Active and Reserve Component Service Member, U.S. Armed Forces, 2017

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Morbidity Burdens Attributable to Various Illnesses and Injuries, Deployed Active and Reserve Component Service Member, U.S. Armed Forces, 2017

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Morbidity Burdens Attributable to Various Illnesses and Injuries, Deployed Active and Reserve Component Service Member, U.S. Armed Forces, 2017

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Ambulatory Visits, Active Component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2017

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ACTIVE COMPONENT, U.S. ARMED FORCES, 2017  This report documents the frequencies, rates, trends, and characteristics of ambulatory healthcare visits of active component members of the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps.

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Absolute and Relative Morbidity Burdens, Attributable to Various Illnesses and Injuries, 2017

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Absolute and Relative Morbidity Burdens, Attributable to Various Illnesses and Injuries, 2017

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Rhabdomyolysis

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Heat Illness

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There were a total of 2,163 incident cases of heat illness among active component service members, including 464 cases of heat stroke and 1,699 cases of heat exhaustion.

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Hyponatremia

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Mental Health Problems

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4/4/2018
This report summarizes the numbers, natures, and rates of incident mental health disorder diagnoses as well as mental health problems among active component U.S. service members during 2007–2016.

This report summarizes the numbers, natures, and rates of incident mental health disorder diagnoses as well as mental health problems among active component U.S. service members during 2007–2016.

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