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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Mosquito-borne illness is a significant public health concern, both to the Department of Defense (DoD) and to the broader national and international public health community. Here, we provide a collection of resources to assist in education and risk communication for partners and stakeholders on issues relating to mosquito control and prevention, as well as the prevention of mosquito-borne infectious disease.

Did you know?

Adult mosquitoes don't usually survive the high winds of a hurricane, but flood waters after the storm will result in large populations of floodwater mosquitoes. These "nuisance" mosquitoes don't typically spread viruses that can make you sick. However, the types of mosquitoes that can spread viruses may increase anywhere from 2 weeks to 2 months after a hurricane, especially in areas that didn't flood but received more rainfall than usual. >>Learn More about Mosquitoes & Hurricanes

Learn about Prevention of Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

We are focusing on the specific illnesses below, but this list could be expanded in the future:

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Mosquitos Summer

Infographic
5/19/2021
Infographic on mosquito safety

Beware of Mosquitos. They can carry illnesses.

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Bug-Borne Illnesses | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Summer Safety Toolkit | Summer Safety

New Army surveillance program designed to keep service members safe

Article
3/10/2021
Military personnel wearing a face mask hanging a light in a tree

Collecting vector samples allows for PHC-P scientists to analyze areas of interest for potential vector-borne diseases that could impact the health of the force.

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Public Health | Global Health Engagement | Bug-Borne Illnesses | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Tackling mosquitos to protect the force

Article
6/23/2020
Man emptying bag into a helicopter spreader

Mosquitoes transmit a host of woes but not COVID-19

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Coronavirus | Bug-Borne Illnesses | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

The Deadliest Animal In the World

Video
6/19/2020
DHA Seal

What's the deadliest animal in the world? You need to know. Watch this video to learn more.

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Bug-Borne Illnesses | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Fact Sheet: Malaria

Fact Sheet
7/16/2019

This fact sheet, from the Armed Services Blood Program, describes how Malaria is transmitted, its signs and symptoms, and how to prevent getting the disease.

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Bug-Borne Illnesses | Armed Services Blood Program | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Bug-Borne Illnesses

Fact Sheet: West Nile

Fact Sheet
7/16/2019

This fact sheet, from the Armed Services Blood Program, describes how West Nile is transmitted, its signs and symptoms, and how to prevent getting the disease.

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Bug-Borne Illnesses | Armed Services Blood Program | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Bug-Borne Illnesses

Fact Sheet: Dengue

Fact Sheet
7/16/2019

This fact sheet, from the Armed Services Blood Program, describes how Dengue is transmitted, its signs and symptoms, and how to prevent getting the disease.

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Bug-Borne Illnesses | Armed Services Blood Program | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Bug-Borne Illnesses

Mosquitoes 2018

Video
7/30/2018
Mosquitoes 2018

MHS observes Bug Week! Learn more about how to stay safe from mosquitoes and the diseases they carry by watching this video.

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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Bug-Borne Illnesses

DoD News In Focus – Combating Malaria

Video
3/21/2017
Inside the Washington, D.C., beltway, scientists and researchers at the Naval Medical Research Center work diligently to combat malaria for the American war fighter and the global population.

Inside the Washington, D.C., beltway, scientists and researchers at the Naval Medical Research Center work diligently to combat malaria for the American war fighter and the global population.

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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Malaria | Bug-Borne Illnesses

Rift Valley Fever Virus Ecology

Infographic
12/5/2016
This infographic describes Rift Valley Fever (RVF) virus ecology and how RVF infects livestock and humans.   •	First the enzootic cycle begins. It is maintained via transfer from parent mosquito to offspring. This is a local, low-level transfer of disease to livestock and happens during periods of average rainfall. •	Next, high rainfall and flooding enable Aedes mosquito breeding environments to flourish. This is followed by epizootic outbreaks, which cause abortion storms in animals, with > 90% mortality in newborns and 10-20% mortality in adults. Secondary vectors, including other mosquito genera such as Culex, can pass on the virus to humans and animals.  Spillover to humans includes exposure to blood and tissue of infected livestock and occurs during slaughter or birthing activities. Humans can also be infected with RVF via bites of infected mosquitos.

This infographic describes Rift Valley Fever (RVF) virus ecology and how RVF infects livestock and humans.

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Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Bug-Borne Illnesses

Mosquito Control & Bite Prevention: Educational Flipbook

Publication
9/23/2016

Mosquitoes can spread viruses like Zika, chikungunya, and dengue.This flipbook gives basic information about mosquito control activities and how to protect from mosquito bites. Mosquito control approaches that incorporate community education, and mosquito surveillance and control are often called “integrated vector control.” A vector is an insect, like a mosquito, that can spread viruses.

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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Chikungunya | Dengue | Malaria | West Nile | Zika Virus

All Things Mosquito

Video
8/17/2016
Mosquito graphic

Watch this video to learn the basic facts about mosquitoes and the illnesses they carry.

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West Nile Virus Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet
7/26/2016

This CDC fact sheet discusses the West Nile Virus including symptoms, transmission and prevention.

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West Nile | Preventing Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Interim Guidance for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus

Policy

With this update, CDC is expanding its existing recommendations to cover all pregnant couples, which includes pregnant women with female sex partners. This guidance also describes what other couples (those who are not pregnant or planning to become pregnant) can do to reduce the risk for Zika virus transmission. CDC’s recommendations for couples planning to become pregnant have been published separately (9).

A human vaccine for the Zika virus may be coming soon

Video
7/22/2016
Scientists at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, have developed a vaccine for the Zika virus. They received a strain of the virus from Puerto Rico in November 2015, and have since created a purified inactivated virus, like the flu shot. The vaccine is called ZPIV, and so far, it looks promising that military medical research will be a key contributor to preventing the continued spread of the Zika virus.

Scientists at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, have developed a possible vaccine for the Zika virus.

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Mosquito-Borne Illnesses | Zika Virus | Immunization Healthcare | Medical Research and Development | Bug-Borne Illnesses
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