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Men's Health

Getting the most out of life requires a commitment to attitudes that foster healthy lifestyle choices. While men and women have many of the same health concerns, men may be affected differently than women. In addition, there are some conditions which are unique to men. Familiarity with men’s health issues, regular screenings and prevention are keys to maintaining good physical wellness.

Heart Disease

Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death for men in the United States. The most common type of heart disease in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD is a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. When a heart attack occurs, blood flow to the heart is reduced or cut off.

The warning signs of a heart attack in men vary slightly from women. Chest pain is a classic male heart attack symptom which may last for more than a few minutes or, it can come and go.

Other signs to be aware of include: discomfort or pain in other areas, such as one or both arms, the back, neck or jaw; shortness of breath, lightheadedness, nausea or sweating; abdominal discomfort that may feel like indigestion

Ideally, treatments to restore blood flow to heart muscle, for example, clot-dissolving drugs or angioplasty, should begin within one hour after heart attack symptoms begin.

Some men are more at risk than others for developing heart disease. In addition to hereditary, other risk factors are high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, smoking, substance abuse, high cholesterol and lifestyle may play a role.

Preventative measures can lower the chances of having heart disease. Before undertaking any program to improve cardiovascular health, see a medical doctor. A physician may suggest a plan that includes eating certain foods, specific exercises and appropriate ways to reduce stress.

Prostate Cancer

The prostate is the gland below a man's bladder that produces fluid for semen. According to Cancer.gov, prostate cancer the most common cancer in men in the United States, after skin cancer. It is rare in men younger than 40. Risk factors for developing prostate cancer include being over 65 years of age, family history, being African-American and some genetic changes.

Symptoms of prostate cancer may include: Problems passing urine, such as pain, difficulty starting or stopping the stream, or dribbling; low back pain; pain with ejaculation

Doctors diagnose prostate cancer by feeling the prostate through the wall of the rectum or doing a blood test for prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Other tests include ultrasound, X-rays or a biopsy.

Treatment often depends on the stage of the cancer. How fast the cancer grows and how different it is from surrounding tissue helps determine the stage. Men with prostate cancer have many treatment options. The treatment that's best for one man may not be best for another. The options include watchful waiting, surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy and chemotherapy. A combination of treatments may be used.

Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is also called colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer is cancer that starts in the colon or rectum. The colon and rectum are parts of the large intestine, the lower part of the body's digestive system. According to Cancer.gov, colon cancer is the third most common cancer in men and women in the United States. Caught early, it is often curable.

Colon cancer is more common in people over 50, and the risk increases with age. A person is also more likely to get it if they have polyps (growths inside the colon and rectum that may become cancerous), a diet that is high in fat, a family history or personal history of colorectal cancer or ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease.

Deaths from colorectal cancer have decreased with the use of colonoscopies and fecal occult blood tests, which check for blood in the stool.


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Sexually transmitted infections: By any other name, they're preventable

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Men's Health: Heart disease

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Men need to take control of their health

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Prevent TBIs this summer and beyond

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Men's health is important too

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6/20/2017
June marks Men’s Health Month, an opportunity to increase awareness about health issues important to men such as prostate, testicular, skin and colon cancers, hypertension, obesity and heart disease. (MHS graphic)

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Absolute and Relative Morbidity Burdens Attributable to Various Illnesses and Injuries, Active Component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2016

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6/19/2017
Did you know  … ? In 2016, essential hypertension accounted for 52,586 encounters for health care among 29,612 active component service members in the U.S. Armed Forces. Of all cardiovascular diseases, essential hypertension is by far the most common specific condition diagnosed among active duty service members. Untreated hypertension increases the risks of subsequent ischemic heart disease (heart attack), cerebrovascular disease (stroke), and kidney failure. CHART: Healthcare burdens attributable to cardiovascular diseases, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2016 Major condition: •	For all other cardiovascular the number of medical encounters was 70,781, Rank 29, number of individuals affected was 35,794 with a rank of 30. The number of bed days was 4,285 with a rank of 21. •	For essential hypertension the number of medical encounters was 52,586, rank 35, number of individuals affected was 29,612 with a rank of 35. The number of bed days was 151 with a rank of 86. •	For cerebrovascular disease the number of medical encounters was 7,772, rank 79, number of individuals affected was 1,708, with a rank of 96. The number of bed days was 2,107 with a rank of 32. •	For ischemic heart disease the number of medical encounters was 6,629, rank 83, number of individuals affected 2,399 with a rank of 87. The number of bed days was 1,140 with a rank of 42. •	For inflammatory the number of medical encounters was 2,221, rank 106, number of individuals affected 1,302 with a rank of 97. The number of bed days was 297 with a rank of 72. •	For rheumatic heart disease the number of medical encounters was 319, rank 125, number of individuals affected 261, with a rank of 121. The number of bed days was 2 with a rank of 133. Learn more about healthcare burdens attributable to various diseases and injuries by visiting Health.mil/MSMRArchives. #LoveYourHeart Infogaphic graphic features transparent graphic of a man’s heart illuminated within his chest.

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Men's Health: Take charge

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Retired soldier says bad health behaviors a 'guy thing,' vows to get healthier

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Erectile Dysfunction among Male Active Component Service members

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Erectile dysfunction (ED) is defined as the persistent inability to achieve and sustain an erection that is adequate for sexual intercourse. ED can result from a problem with any of the above: •	Hormones •	Emotions •	Nerves •	Muscles •	Blood vessels These factors are required for an erection include. Picture is a brain (left) and a male figure (right) showing the heart and main arteries of the body. The top three most common ED diagnoses are: 1.	Psychosexual dysfunction 2.	Hypoactive sexual desire disorder 3.	Male orgasmic disorder Image shows a couple outside together during sunset. House displays in background. Causes of ED (Shows cut out of male body highlighting areas of the body where causes happen) •	Unrealistic sexual expectations •	Depression/ Anxiety/ Stress or other mental health issues •	High blood pressure •	Diabetes •	Obesity •	Injuries that affect the pelvic area or spinal cord •	Low testosterone •	Aging, Substance Abuse Demographics: •	Incidence rate of erectile dysfunction are higher among black, non-Hispanic servicemen when compared to other race/ethnicity groups. •	Black non-Hispanic service members have higher incidence rates of several conditions known to be risk factors for erectile dysfunction, including hypertension, obesity and diabetes. •	Separated, divorced and widowed servicemen had a higher incidence rate of ED than servicemen never married. •	Servicemen never deployed had the highest crude incidence rate of erectile dysfunction. Get the facts •	Erectile dysfunction is the most common sexual complaint reported by men to healthcare providers •	Among male service members nearly half of erectile dysfunction cases related predominantly or exclusively to psychological factors. •	Incidence rates of psychogenic erectile dysfunction are greater than organic erectile dysfunction for service members. •	Organic erectile dysfunction can result from physical factors such as obesity, smoking, diabetes, cardiovascular disease or medication use. •	Highest incidence rates were observed in those aged 60 years or older. •	Those 40 years or older are most commonly diagnosed with erectile dysfunction. Effective against erectile dysfunction •	Regular exercise  ( Shows soldier running) •	Psychological counseling (Shows two soldiers engaging in mental health counseling. They are seating on a couch).  •	Quit smoking ( shows lit cigarette)  •	Stop substance abuse ( Shows to shot glasses filled with alcohol) •	Nutritional supplements ( Shows open pill bottle of supplements) •	Surgical treatment ( Shows surgical instruments) Talk to your partner Although Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is a difficult issue for sex partners to discuss, talking openly can often be the best way to resolve stress and discover underlying causes. If you are experiencing erectile dysfunction, explore treatment options with your doctor. Learn more about ED by reading ‘Erectile Dysfunction Among Male Active Component Service Members, U.S. Armed Forces, 2004 – 2013.’ Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR) Vol. 21 No. 9 – September 2014 at www.Health.mil/MSMRArchives. Follow us on Twitter at AFHSBPAGE. #MensHealth

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5 Major Categories of Abdominal Hernia

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An abdominal hernia is an abnormal protrusion of an organ or tissue through a defect in the abdominal wall. This infographic provides information on incident diagnoses of the five types of abdominal hernia that were documented in health records of 72,404 active component service members from 1 January 2005 through 31 December 2014.  A total of 87,480 incident diagnoses of the five types of abdominal hernia were documented in health records of 72,404 active component service members. Here are highlights of the findings from this study: •	The give types of abdominal hernia categories used in this analysis were: inguinal, umbilical ventral/ incisional, femoral and “other.” •	 During the 10-year interval, incidence rates for most of the five types of hernia trended downward but increased for umbilical hernias in both males and females and ventral/ incisional hernias among females. •	Overall incidence rate of inguinal hernias among males was six times the rate among females. •	Incidence rates of femoral, ventral/ incisional and umbilical hernias were higher among females than males. •	For most types of hernia incidence rates tend to be higher among older age groups.  Abdominal hernias are diagnosed most frequently in the inguinal, umbilical, and femoral regions, but another category of relatively common hernias of the anterior abdominal wall includes ventral and incisional hernias. Health records contained documentation for 35,624 surgical procedures whose description corresponded to the types of hernia diagnoses in U.S. military service members. Learn more about the findings of the study at Health.mil/MSMR

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Preventive Services for Prime Beneficiaries

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