Back to Top Skip to main content

Eat well, live well

From left, Air Force Capt. Abigail Schutz, 39th Medical Operations Squadron health promotions element chief, Staff Sgt. Jennifer Mancini, 39th MDOS health promotions technician, and Tech. Sgt. Brian Phillips, 39th MDOS health promotions flight NCO in charge, pose for a photo at Incirlik Air Base, Turkey. Learning about proper nutrition can help service members stay healthy and ensure they’re in optimal warfighting shape. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Matthew Wisher) From left, Air Force Capt. Abigail Schutz, 39th Medical Operations Squadron health promotions element chief, Staff Sgt. Jennifer Mancini, 39th MDOS health promotions technician, and Tech. Sgt. Brian Phillips, 39th MDOS health promotions flight NCO in charge, pose for a photo at Incirlik Air Base, Turkey. Learning about proper nutrition can help service members stay healthy and ensure they’re in optimal warfighting shape. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Matthew Wisher)

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Nutrition

Who doesn’t have a friend or family member trying out the latest paleo, keto or other diet that eliminates processed foods including grains and sugar? Perhaps you are the one following a strict eating regimen because you want to improve your health. But have you wondered if it’s your best option?

“Many of the fad diets that we see today are just recycled old ones with new names,” explained Air Force Lt. Col. Saunya Bright, chief, health promotion nutrition, Air Force Medical Support Agency, Falls Church, Virginia. Bright described the Paleolithic or “paleo” diet as one including foods that can be hunted or gathered, such as meat, fish, chicken, eggs, vegetables, fruits and berries. The ketogenic or “keto” diet is a low-carbohydrate, high-protein and high-fat eating pattern meant to burn fat rather than carbohydrates for fuel.

While some of these diets emphasize eating more fruits and vegetables and less processed food, “some also cut out complete food groups, such as whole grains and dairy,” said Bright. She cautioned that such diets are difficult to sustain over long periods. “Eliminating food groups or types of foods increases the risk of some nutrient deficiency or disordered eating.”

Army 1st Lt. Vladi Ivanova, chief, outpatient and community nutrition at Madigan Army Medical Center, agreed. “Following a keto diet, for example, means eliminating a full food group. When we restrict certain foods, our bodies notice and may not respond in the way we want.”

Options and choices about what to eat, from diets to trendy snacks and drinks, are plentiful. The result is confusion, according to Ivanova: “My patients are asking a lot of questions, whether a diet is good or bad, or if eating certain foods will help them lose weight. They are overwhelmed by all of the information available.”

According to Bright, a return to the basics is what’s needed. “The most important suggestions for good nutrition are captured in the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans,” she said.

These guidelines, developed jointly by the U.S. Departments of Health and Human Services and Agriculture, provide evidence-based tools and resources that enable everyone to follow a healthy eating pattern for life.

Ivanova likes to use “MyPlate,” a tool developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, as a visual aid with her patients. “It shows how to fill a healthy plate of food: one-half should include fruits and vegetables, one quarter whole grains, and one quarter lean protein,” she said.

Using the guidelines, both experts agreed that a healthy eating pattern includes a variety of vegetables; whole fruits; fat-free or low-fat dairy, including milk, yogurt and cheese; and a variety of proteins, including seafood, lean meats and poultry, eggs, beans, nuts and seeds.

Bright said to avoid excess sugar, sodium, and saturated and trans fat as part of establishing a healthy eating pattern. “With all the new and trending foods, it's important to consider how substituting a certain type of food with another can impact your nutritional intake,” she said. “There are instances where foods that are advertised as ‘lower fat’ or ‘no fat’ contain increased sodium or sugar, so being aware of trade-offs is important.”

Ivanova said good nutrition is key to service members’ ability to carry out their mission as well – responding to their needs for quick, healthier meals on-the-go, and also ensuring their families are making good choices. “Often when speaking with my patients, I end up talking to them about their children’s nutrition, too. Any service member who is a parent has to model the diet that they want their kids to eat,” said Ivanova, who advocates a mindful approach to healthy eating.

“My patients have told me that after eating a fast food meal, they feel awful,” she said. “Mindfulness about how and what we eat is critical. You have to make eating healthy a priority in your life. This means taking time to understand healthy options and planning your meals in advance – perhaps for the week – so that you think through what you are putting into your body.”

You also may be interested in...

MSMR Vol. 20 No. 4 - April 2013

Report
1/1/2013

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Ambulatory visits among members of the active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2012; Surveillance Snapshot: illness and injury burdens among U.S. military recruit trainees, 2012; Hospitalizations among members of the active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2012; Editorial: signature scars of a long war; Absolute and relative morbidity burdens attributable to various illnesses and injuries, U.S. Armed Forces, 2012; Signs, symptoms, and ill-defined conditions, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2000-2012.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 20 No. 11 - November 2013

Report
1/1/2013

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Syncope among U.S. Air Force Basic Military Trainees, August 2012-July 2013; Syncope, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, 1998-2012; Update: motor vehicle-related deaths, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, 1999-2012; Surveillance snapshot: bacterial meningitis among beneficiaries of the Military Health System, 1998-2013; Surveillance snapshot: age and gender distribution of service members, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, compared to the U.S. population, 2011.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 7 - July 2012 (Supplement)

Report
7/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 6 - June 2012 (Supplement)

Report
6/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 8 - August 2012

Report
1/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Viral meningitis, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, 2002-2011; Updates: Routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1), civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components; Hospitalizations for hepatitis A, B, and C, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 1991-2011; Pertussis diagnoses among service members and other beneficiaries of the U.S. Military Health System, January 2005-June 2012.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 10 - October 2012

Report
1/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Update: Cold weather injuries, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, July 2007-June 2012; Thyroid disorders among active component military members, U.S. Armed Forces, 2002-2011; Reported vectorborne and zoonotic diseases, U.S. Army and U.S. Navy, 2000-2011; Surveillance Snapshot: influenza immunization among health care workers, August 2002-April 2012; Reported vectorborne and zoonotic diseases, U.S. Air Force, 2000-2011.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 6 - June 2012

Report
1/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Surveillance Snapshot: deployment-related injuries to external genital organs, by month and service, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, January 2003-April 2012; Incident diagnoses of cancers and cancer-related deaths, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2000-2011; Deaths by suicide while on active duty, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, 1998-2011; Mental disorders and mental health problems, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2000-2011; Amputations of upper and lower extremities, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, 2000-2011.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 5 - May 2012

Report
1/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Deaths while on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, 1990-2011; Degenerative disc disease, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2001-2011; Images in health surveillance: tickborne disease vectors and Lyme disease clinical diagnosis; Brief report: quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine initiation, coverage, and compliance among active component service women, 2006-2011; The risk of mental health disorders among U.S. military personnel infected with human immunodeficiency virus, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2000-2011.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 11 - November 2012

Report
1/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Costs of war: excess health care burdens during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq (relative to the health care experience pre-war); Outbreak of gastrointestinal illness during Operation New Horizons in Pisco, Peru, July 2012; Substance use disorders in the U.S. Armed Forces, 2000-2011.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 3 - March 2012

Report
1/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Initial assessment of impact of adenovirus type 4 and type 7 vaccine on febrile respiratory illness and virus transmission in military basic trainees, March 2012; Surveillance Snapshot: adenovirus among U.S. military recruit trainees; Case report: chest pain in service members following smallpox vaccination; Predictive value of surveillance case definitions of Guillain-Barré Syndrome in vaccine safety assessment; Mental health diagnoses during the year prior to schizophrenia, U.S. Armed Forces, 2001-2010; Update: heat injuries, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2011; Update: exertional rhabdomyolysis, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2011; Update: exertional hyponatremia, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 1999-2011.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 12 - December 2012

Report
1/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Pulmonary and extrapulmonary coccidioidomycosis, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 1999-2011; Seasonal variation in incident diagnoses of appendicitis among beneficiaries of the Military Health System, 2002-2011; Historical perspective: coccidioidomycosis in the U.S. military and military-associated populations; Appendicitis and appendectomies among non-service member beneficiaries of the Military Health System, 2002-2011; Appendicitis and appendectomies, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, 2002-2011.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 9 - September 2012

Report
1/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Injuries due to firearms and air guns among U.S. military members not participating in overseas combat operations, 2002-2011; Health care encounters for injuries associated with a gun mechanism or component, U.S. Armed Forces; Images in health surveillance: West Nile virus vectors and prevention; Update: Pneumonia-influenza and severe acute respiratory illnesses, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, July 2000-June 2012; Pneumonia and influenza among military members and other beneficiaries of the U.S. military health system, 2007-2012; Lightning-related medical encounters, U.S. Armed Forces, January 2009- August 2012; Coccidioidomycosis, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, January 2000-June 2012.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 2 - February 2012

Report
1/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Health care experiences prior to suicide and self-inflicted injury, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2001-2010; Relations between suicide and traumatic brain injury, psychiatric diagnoses, and relationship problems, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2001-2009; Outpatient encounters associated with diagnostic codes for migraine and other types of headaches, active component service members, 1998-2010; Medical evacuations from Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, 2003-2011; Surveillance snapshot: Medical evacuations from Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, October 2001-December 2011; Surveillance snapshot: Recurrent medical encounters associated with alcohol abuse-related diagnostic codes, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2001-2010.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 1 - January 2012

Report
1/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Update: Malaria, U.S. Armed Forces, 2011; Sources of variability of estimates of malaria case counts, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces; Images in health surveillance: Malaria vectors and malaria testing; Editorial: Malaria in the U.S. Armed Forces: A persistent but preventable threat; Historical snapshot: Development of the hepatitis A vaccine.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health

MSMR Vol. 19 No. 7 - July 2012

Report
1/1/2012

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Health of women after wartime deployments: correlates of risk for selected medical conditions among females after initial and repeat deployments to Afghanistan and Iraq, active component, U.S. Armed Forces; Acute pelvic inflammatory disease, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2002-2011; Ectopic pregnancy, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2002-2011; Historical snapshot: Dr. Mary E. Walker, Civil War surgeon, Medal of Honor recipient; Surveillance snapshot: traumatic amputations among female service members, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, 2000-2011; Iron deficiency anemia, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2002-2011.

Recommended Content:

Health Readiness | Public Health
<< < ... 11 12 13 14 15  ... > >> 
Showing results 151 - 165 Page 11 of 22

DHA Address: 7700 Arlington Boulevard | Suite 5101 | Falls Church, VA | 22042-5101

Some documents are presented in Portable Document Format (PDF). A PDF reader is required for viewing. Download a PDF Reader or learn more about PDFs.