Back to Top Skip to main content

COVID-19 leads to innovation in military health care practices

Man in lab coat and mask prepares sample for COVID-19 testing. Army Spc. David Pyke, medical laboratory technician, loads a patient sample for rapid COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction testing at Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, April 9, 2020. (U.S. Army photo by Jason W. Edwards)

Recommended Content:

Coronavirus | Research and Innovation

The arrival of the novel coronavirus brought many challenges to the health care community. Doctors, researchers, and policymakers around the world had to face the virus and determine the best ways to keep their communities safe. This discussion and collaboration resulted in many medical practice and policy innovations. The military is no exception. Health care professionals throughout the Military Health System worked together to address the new normal, changing how care should be brought to patients worldwide.

U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs Thomas McCaffery iterated that innovation in the MHS supports the Department of Defense's priorities in COVID-19: protect the workforce, maintain military readiness, and support the national response.

“The Military Health System is serving on the frontlines against this invisible enemy,” McCaffery said, “bringing all that we have to bear across our military medical expertise, research and development, and our far-reaching, world-class system of health care and military medical combat support capabilities."

Each category McCaffery mentioned supports patient-centered care. With the quick spread of the novel coronavirus and COVID-19, hospitals and clinics found creative ways to care for patients while preventing spread of the disease. Inventive practices like drive-up pharmacies and immunization clinics allowed patients to continue receiving medication without having to set foot in the hospital. MHS expedited COVID-19 and flu test results to help patients take action quickly if their results came back positive.

Many hospitals also increased their telehealth capabilities, caring for patients over the phone or via video call when they could. Channels like the MHS Nurse Advice Line saw a higher call volume in the initial rush of the pandemic. The Defense Health Agency even made temporary changes to telehealth regulations so patients could enjoy more access to telehealth services, and health care providers could expand their reach to provide it.

Soldier leaning into car
The fight against the novel coronavirus forced military health care professionals to get creative with ways to safely provide care to patients. Innovative practices like the drive-thru pharmacy at Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas, help providers give this care while working to reduce the spread of COVID-19. (Photo by Senior Master Sgt. Robert Shelley)

Within hospitals, unique problems arose that required solutions. A team from Keesler Air Force Base in Biloxi, Mississippi, prototyped a proning shelf to help COVID-19 patients suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome breathe easier. Scientists and engineers at Naval Surface Warfare Center Panama City Division developed low-cost, easily-assembled ventilators as part of the DoD Hack-a-Vent Innovation Challenge. Once FDA-approved, these ventilators can be rapidly prototyped and used to support critical care requirements like complications from COVID-19 in hospital and field settings around the world.

Clinical and inpatient pharmacists at William Beaumont Army Medical Center in El Paso, Texas, collaborated with nursing to change how they administer medicine to patients by bundling medications. They adjusted dosing times to align with meal delivery schedules, morning labs, or vital sign checks as much as possible while maintaining safety and efficacy of the medications. This prevents frequent comings and goings in patients' hospital rooms. In doing so, exposure to both patients and staff is minimized. Critical personal protective equipment is also preserved.

Providers were aided by DoD and the Department of Veterans Affairs launching the joint health information exchange. This electronic exchange helps medical professionals safely and securely access patient health information and medical records, and share it as necessary to provide care. The JHIE supports more informed decision-making for the health care of service members, veterans, and family members, regardless of where patients access care.

DHA also gathered experts from the field to create a tri-service Infection Prevention and Control Tiger Team. The IPC Tiger Team provides evidence-based answers about COVID-19 to roughly 475 military hospitals, medical clinics, and dental clinics within the MHS.

As hospital and clinic operations changed to meet new challenges, the MHS required more boots on the ground to provide health care to patients. Military hospitals in New York City and Los Angeles quickly reached capacity to treat patients with COVID-19, so DoD deployed hospital ships, USNS Comfort to New York and USNS Mercy to Los Angeles for medical support. In addition, National Guard reservists answered the call to help staff overwhelmed hospitals in New York City.

Medical students at the Uniformed Services University for Health Sciences also stepped up to staff hospitals. USU adjusted coursework for its students to learn more about COVID-19, and many of those students graduated early to support the MHS as doctors and nurses.

While hospitals staffed up on the front end, the country still needed to find a vaccine on the back end. MHS professionals in research and development aid in the quest for a vaccine. Researchers at DHA’s Joint Pathology Center added their expertise to the mix to help health care providers better understand COVID-19. JPC studies tissue samples under the microscope, showing patterns that emerge from the damage that the respiratory virus leaves in the human body.

New approaches to genome sequencing have been critical to this equation. The Global Emerging Infections Surveillance section of DHA’s Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch used existing partnerships with Army, Navy, and Air Force public health and medical research laboratories to research genome sequencing. The team worked together to create a collaborative approach to sequencing the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, or SARS-CoV-2, genome. This virus strain causes COVID-19.

The Air Force Genetics Center of Excellence at Keesler AFB also conducted research with DoD partners into sequencing SARS-CoV-2. Through these partnerships, DoD researchers gained the ability to isolate the virus, share samples, and compare laboratory methods to improve genome sequencing capabilities.

Although many strides have been made to combat the novel coronavirus, there is still room for innovation. The expansion of telework capabilities in response to the national emergency may become a part of the “new normal.” Research into convalescent plasma from patients who have contracted and recovered from COVID-19 can help researchers develop an effective treatment for the disease.

The MHS stands ready to continue innovating to provide quality health care to its beneficiaries throughout the armed forces and support the safety of the nation.

“We remain focused on supporting the Department in this complex and challenging environment with the best that military medicine has to offer,” McCaffery said. “We are proudly continuing to deliver on that obligation.”

You also may be interested in...

Navy PA continues to care for COVID-19 caregivers

Article
11/19/2020
Three soldiers, wearing masks, demonstrating a hearing test

As a PAt, Osborn works hand-in-hand with supervising physicians and surgeons.

Recommended Content:

Coronavirus

NICoE & ISC Network maintain TBI care during COVID-19

Article
11/19/2020
Image of United States map with locations noted

The Network leveraged their geographic distribution to help each other quickly adapt to changing times.

Recommended Content:

Coronavirus | Traumatic Brain Injury

San Antonio volunteers sought for Warp Speed vaccine trials

Article
11/18/2020
Woman typing on laptop

DOD sites are open on a voluntary basis to Military Health System beneficiaries.

Recommended Content:

COVID-19 Vaccine Efforts | Coronavirus

Army combat medic earns U.S. citizenship, plans to continue serving

Article
11/18/2020
Two men wearing masks, one in a car, one leaning in the car

The native of Brazil is part of the COVID-19 testing team.

Recommended Content:

Coronavirus

Army doctors provide COVID-19 safety tips for the holiday season

Article
11/17/2020
Soldiers wearing masks, looking at flight information in airport

Celebrating the holidays during a pandemic may bring additional challenges for people this year.

Recommended Content:

Coronavirus | November Toolkit | November Holidays and Observances

Military Health System participating in COVID-19 vaccine trial

Article
11/17/2020
Woman measuring out a vaccine into a needle

How you can help test the vaccine.

Recommended Content:

Coronavirus | COVID-19 Vaccine Efforts

DHA leaders recognize CCP collection campaign contributors & donors

Article
11/16/2020
Three military personnel in uniform, wearing masks, in front of flags

The ceremony honored those who contributed to exceeding the goal of collecting 10,000 units of COVID-19 convalescent plasma.

Recommended Content:

Coronavirus | Convalescent Plasma Collection Program

NMRTU Everett staff collaborate to ensure Patient Centered Care

Article
11/16/2020
Image of two military personnel wearing masks

NMRTU Everett was commended by the MHS 2020 Advancement towards High Reliability Healthcare Awards Program as a Patient Centeredness Award winner.

Recommended Content:

Combat Support | Public Health | Coronavirus

Holiday Season Guidance to Minimize Spread of the Coronavirus Disease 2019

Publication
11/16/2020

This memorandum provides guidance to help protect individuals within the DoD community from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) for gatherings and activities during the November to January holiday season.

Recommended Content:

Coronavirus

Naval Medical Forces Pacific’s commander tours NH Twentynine Palms

Article
11/12/2020
Four military personnel in uniform, wearing masks

Weber was briefed on the implementation of MHS GENESIS...and the hospital's response to COVID-19.

Recommended Content:

Combat Support | Health Readiness | Coronavirus | MHS GENESIS

Forging of civil-military anvil against COVID-19 focus at GHSA

Article
11/9/2020
U.S. and Thai soldiers stand together during a medical exercise.

“Defense partnerships around the world are key.”

Recommended Content:

Coronavirus | Global Health Engagement | Health Readiness | Global Health Engagement

Walter Reed, VA focus on joint efforts in 3D medical application

Article
11/9/2020
Three physicians wearing masks; one sitting at a desk, two standing

The JIF award focuses on the Department of Defense/VA 3D Printing Consortium for Medical Applications.

Recommended Content:

Research and Innovation | Technology

Wave PENDLETON sees more MTFs deploy new electronic health record

Article
11/5/2020
Military technician, wearing a mask, in front of a computer screen

Wave PENDLETON is the third major deployment of MHS GENESIS.

Recommended Content:

Public Health | Coronavirus | MHS GENESIS

BAMC, Argentine Army medical providers share COVID-19 best practices

Article
11/4/2020
Video teleconference image

U.S. Army South facilitated the virtual subject matter expert (SME) exchange between BAMC and CMMH.

Recommended Content:

Coronavirus | Global Health Engagement | Technology | COVID-19 Vaccine Efforts | Public Health | Convalescent Plasma Collection Program

How Can Vaccine and Antibody Studies Move So Quickly and Still Be Safe?

Video
11/3/2020
How Can Vaccine and Antibody Studies Move So Quickly and Still Be Safe?

This video provides a detailed overview of the processes that have been implemented to accelerate the pace of the COVID-19 vaccine and antibody studies, and what is being done to assure safety.

Recommended Content:

Coronavirus | COVID-19 Vaccine Efforts
<< < 1 2 3 4 5  ... > >> 
Showing results 1 - 15 Page 1 of 27

DHA Address: 7700 Arlington Boulevard | Suite 5101 | Falls Church, VA | 22042-5101

Some documents are presented in Portable Document Format (PDF). A PDF reader is required for viewing. Download a PDF Reader or learn more about PDFs.