Skip main navigation

Military Health System

Clear Your Browser Cache

This website has recently undergone changes. Users finding unexpected concerns may care to clear their browser's cache to ensure a seamless experience.

Bulgarian Armed Forces Demonstrate Combat Medical Advancements

Image of Two medics tend to a dummy in a simulated emergency. Bulgarian soldiers demonstrate skills learned through combat lifesaving training, a collaboration between Bulgarian and U.S. armed forces. (Photo: U.S. Army Staff Sgt. April R. Benson)

Bulgarian Armed Forces showed off their combat lifesaving training to U.S. Ambassador to Bulgaria Herro Mustafa and key facilitators from the U.S. Army Tennessee National Guard and U.S. Air Forces Europe at the Bulgarian Military Medical Simulation Center, on Aug. 10. The event highlighted the collaborative planning between Bulgarian and U.S. armed forces in combat medicine and emphasized how medical interoperability saves lives on the battlefield.

The Medical Simulation Center opened in the fall of 2021, and enables Bulgarian soldiers to train critical combat medicine skills. The combat lifesaver (CLS) course runs monthly and trains 20 medical students from point of injury to battalion aid station care (NATO Role 1). In the near future, the center is scheduled to launch combat paramedic courses for more advanced combat medical training.

“We have wonderful military hospitals with excellently trained staff, and the military medical academy copes with the biggest challenges in medicine,” said Bulgarian Maj. Gen. Ventsislav Mutafchiyski, chief doctor of the Bulgarian Armed Forces. “But the wounded soldiers must reach these hospitals alive. This is exactly the philosophy behind creating this center—to be prepared for the first 10 minutes.”

U.S. Army Col. Keith Evans, commander of the Tennessee Readiness Detachment, helped facilitate the construction of the simulation center and has worked with Bulgarian military medical leadership to develop the CLS curriculum since 2018.

“We initially were the ones coming over to teach Bulgarian soldiers the CLS course prior to deployment,” Evans said. “Through discussions, we decided to develop the CLS curriculum so they could start teaching it themselves. We started with the combat lifesaver course and at the same time started developing the simulation center. The center opened in September of 2021, where they can actually do the physical training and keep everyone consistent, whether it be Army, Air Force, or Navy. All of their paramedics will be trained to the same standard.”

Strobe lights, smoke, and crackling simulated gunfire breathed life into the CLS demonstration at the simulation center. The Bulgarian medical team treated a simulated casualty at point of injury and transferred it to the aid station. Following the demonstration, the U.S. ambassador thanked participants and shared her feedback.

“This demonstration was very impressive,” Mustafa stated. “It is one of the best things we have seen in our partnership in a long time.”

The State Partnership Program (SPP) enables U.S. Army National Guard soldiers to conduct military-to-military engagements in support of defense security goals and deepen medical alliances in the Balkan region. In the future, U.S. Air Force Europe will jointly integrate with U.S. Army SPP counterparts to develop flight paramedic programs.

“It’s been a great partnership and it’s great to have watched this evolve from essentially an idea with some scribbled notes on paper, all the way to what has now come to fruition,” Evans said. “This is something great we can develop for their country and strengthen our interoperability. Together, we can make Bulgaria a stronger NATO ally and support the NATO mission.”

You also may be interested in...

Fact Sheet
Feb 3, 2016

Zika Virus

.PDF | 401.93 KB

Zika (zee-kah) virus is primarily spread from an infected person to an uninfected person through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. Although most infections do not cause symptoms, Zika virus infection may result in fever, rash, joint pain, and red eyes.

Report
Jan 1, 2016

MSMR Vol. 23 No. 6 - June 2016

.PDF | 1.11 MB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Identification of specific activities associated with fall-related injuries, active component, U.S. Army, 2011; Incidence and recent trends in functional gastrointestinal disorders, active component, U.S. Armed ...

Report
Jan 1, 2016

MSMR Vol. 23 No. 7 - July 2016

.PDF | 1.28 MB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Increasing severity of traumatic brain injury is associated with an increased risk of subsequent headache or migraine: a retrospective cohort study of U.S. active duty service members, 2006–2015; Use of ...

Report
Jan 1, 2016

MSMR Vol. 23 No. 5 - May 2016

.PDF | 1.58 MB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Post-refractive surgery complications and eye disease, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2005–2014; Update: Urinary stones, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2011–2015; Surveillance snapshot: Zika virus ...

Report
Jan 1, 2016

MSMR Vol. 23 No. 1 - January 2016

.PDF | 1.00 MB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Update: Malaria, U.S. Armed Forces, 2015; Durations of service until first and recurrent episodes of clinically significant back pain, active component military members: changes among new accessions to service ...

Report
Jan 1, 2016

MSMR Vol. 23 No. 12 - December 2016

.PDF | 754.38 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Incident diagnoses of non-melanoma skin cancer, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2005–2014; Zika virus infections in Military Health System beneficiaries since the introduction of the virus in the Western ...

Report
Jan 1, 2016

MSMR Vol. 23 No. 8 - August 2016

.PDF | 811.49 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Incidence of abdominal hernias in service members, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2005–2014; Incidence of hiatal hernia in service members, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2005–2014.

Report
Jan 1, 2016

MSMR Vol. 23 No. 11 - November 2016

.PDF | 944.80 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Excessive vomiting in pregnancy, active component service women, U.S. Armed Forces, 2005–2014; Importance of external cause coding for injury surveillance: lessons from assessment of overexertion injuries ...

Report
Jan 1, 2016

MSMR Vol. 23 No. 9 - September 2016

.PDF | 1.34 MB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Update: Routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components, January 2011–June 2016; Update: ...

Report
Jan 1, 2016

MSMR Vol. 23 No. 3 - March 2016

.PDF | 1.56 MB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: The DoD Global, Laboratory-based, Influenza Surveillance Program: summary for the 2013-2014 influenza season; Correlation between antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli infections in hospitalized ...

Report
Jan 1, 2016

MSMR Vol. 23 No. 4 - April 2016

.PDF | 1.56 MB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Absolute and relative morbidity burdens attributable to various illnesses and injuries, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2015; Hospitalizations among members of the active component, U.S. Armed Forces, ...

Report
Jan 1, 2016

MSMR Vol. 23 No. 2 - February 2016

.PDF | 1.42 MB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Editorial: What's old is new again: syphilis in the U.S. Army; Use of quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine and the prevalence of antibodies to vaccine-targeted strains among female service members before ...

Report
Jan 1, 2016

MSMR Vol. 23 No. 10 - October 2016

.PDF | 1.51 MB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Obstructive sleep apnea and associated attrition, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, January 2004–May 2016; Update: Cold weather injuries, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, July 2011–June ...

Skip subpage navigation
Refine your search
Last Updated: July 11, 2023
Follow us on Instagram Follow us on LinkedIn Follow us on Facebook Follow us on X Follow us on YouTube Sign up on GovDelivery