Skip main navigation

Military Health System

Clear Your Browser Cache

This website has recently undergone changes. Users finding unexpected concerns may care to clear their browser's cache to ensure a seamless experience.

Bulgarian Armed Forces Demonstrate Combat Medical Advancements

Image of Two medics tend to a dummy in a simulated emergency. Bulgarian soldiers demonstrate skills learned through combat lifesaving training, a collaboration between Bulgarian and U.S. armed forces. (Photo: U.S. Army Staff Sgt. April R. Benson)

Bulgarian Armed Forces showed off their combat lifesaving training to U.S. Ambassador to Bulgaria Herro Mustafa and key facilitators from the U.S. Army Tennessee National Guard and U.S. Air Forces Europe at the Bulgarian Military Medical Simulation Center, on Aug. 10. The event highlighted the collaborative planning between Bulgarian and U.S. armed forces in combat medicine and emphasized how medical interoperability saves lives on the battlefield.

The Medical Simulation Center opened in the fall of 2021, and enables Bulgarian soldiers to train critical combat medicine skills. The combat lifesaver (CLS) course runs monthly and trains 20 medical students from point of injury to battalion aid station care (NATO Role 1). In the near future, the center is scheduled to launch combat paramedic courses for more advanced combat medical training.

“We have wonderful military hospitals with excellently trained staff, and the military medical academy copes with the biggest challenges in medicine,” said Bulgarian Maj. Gen. Ventsislav Mutafchiyski, chief doctor of the Bulgarian Armed Forces. “But the wounded soldiers must reach these hospitals alive. This is exactly the philosophy behind creating this center—to be prepared for the first 10 minutes.”

U.S. Army Col. Keith Evans, commander of the Tennessee Readiness Detachment, helped facilitate the construction of the simulation center and has worked with Bulgarian military medical leadership to develop the CLS curriculum since 2018.

“We initially were the ones coming over to teach Bulgarian soldiers the CLS course prior to deployment,” Evans said. “Through discussions, we decided to develop the CLS curriculum so they could start teaching it themselves. We started with the combat lifesaver course and at the same time started developing the simulation center. The center opened in September of 2021, where they can actually do the physical training and keep everyone consistent, whether it be Army, Air Force, or Navy. All of their paramedics will be trained to the same standard.”

Strobe lights, smoke, and crackling simulated gunfire breathed life into the CLS demonstration at the simulation center. The Bulgarian medical team treated a simulated casualty at point of injury and transferred it to the aid station. Following the demonstration, the U.S. ambassador thanked participants and shared her feedback.

“This demonstration was very impressive,” Mustafa stated. “It is one of the best things we have seen in our partnership in a long time.”

The State Partnership Program (SPP) enables U.S. Army National Guard soldiers to conduct military-to-military engagements in support of defense security goals and deepen medical alliances in the Balkan region. In the future, U.S. Air Force Europe will jointly integrate with U.S. Army SPP counterparts to develop flight paramedic programs.

“It’s been a great partnership and it’s great to have watched this evolve from essentially an idea with some scribbled notes on paper, all the way to what has now come to fruition,” Evans said. “This is something great we can develop for their country and strengthen our interoperability. Together, we can make Bulgaria a stronger NATO ally and support the NATO mission.”

You also may be interested in...

Report
Jan 1, 2006

MSMR Vol. 12 No. 8 – November 2006

.PDF | 276.76 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Medical experiences within six months of redeployment in relation to changes in self-rated health from pre- to post-deployment, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, January 2002-June 2006; First-time episodes ...

Report
Jan 1, 2006

MSMR Vol. 12 No. 2 – March 2006

.PDF | 232.71 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Medical experiences of service members within one year after returning from deployments in central Asia/Middle East, active components, U.S. Armed Forces; Numbers, rates, and patterns of hospital readmissions, ...

Report
Jan 1, 2006

MSMR Vol. 12 No. 3 – April 2006

.PDF | 440.78 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Hospitalizations among active component members, U.S. Armed Forces, 2005 Ambulatory visits among active component members, U.S. Armed Forces, 2005; Numbers, rates, and patterns of hospital readmissions, U.S. ...

Report
Jan 1, 2006

MSMR Vol. 12 No. 7 – October 2006

.PDF | 737.13 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Post-deployment health reassessment (PDHRA) program, U.S. Armed Forces: responses by service and component, September 2005-August 2006; Cold weather injuries, U.S. Armed Forces, July 2001-June 2006; Hepatitis ...

Report
Jan 1, 2006

MSMR Vol. 12 No. 4 – May/June 2006

.PDF | 231.59 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Cellulitis and abscess, active components, U.S. Armed Forces, 2002-2005; ARD surveillance update; Pre- and post-deployment health assessments, U.S. Armed Forces, January 2004-April 2006; Sentinel reportable events.

Report
Jan 1, 2006

MSMR Vol. 12 No. 1 – January/February 2006

.PDF | 201.92 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Malaria, U.S. Army, 2005; Pneumonia and influenza among non-military beneficiaries of the U.S. military health system, January 2001 - December 2004; ARD surveillance update; Update: pre- and post-deployment ...

Report
Jan 1, 2006

MSMR Vol. 12 No. 5 – July 2006

.PDF | 233.07 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Heat-related injuries, U.S. Army, 2005; Hyponatremia/overhydration, active duty, U.S. Army, 1999-2006; Hepatitis B immunity among U.S. Army basic trainees, Fort Leonard Wood, Mo, July 2005-December 2005; ARD ...

Fact Sheet
May 4, 2005

Program Areas CBRN Protection

.PDF | 160.05 KB

The Medical Countermeasures (MCM) Directorate assists in protecting U.S. forces that are globally engaged and at potentially increased risk to being exposed to naturally occurring substances or encountering manufactured chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear (CBRN) agents that adversaries may seek to use against them.

Report
Jan 1, 2005

MSMR Vol. 11 No. 1 - January 2005

.PDF | 150.99 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Amputations of lower and upper extremities, U.S. Armed Forces, 1990-2004; Malaria, U.S. Army, 2004; Update: pre- and post-deployment health assessments, U.S. Armed Forces, September 2002-December 2004; Sentinel ...

Report
Jan 1, 2005

MSMR Vol. 11 No. 2 – April 2005

.PDF | 437.57 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Hospitalizations among active component members, U.S. Armed Forces, 2004; Ambulatory visits among active component members, U.S. Armed Forces, 2004; Estimates of absolute and relative health care burdens ...

Report
Jan 1, 2005

MSMR Vol. 11 No. 5 – December 2005

.PDF | 191.81 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Pneumonia and influenza among active component members, U.S. Armed Forces, January 2001-October 2005; Cold injuries, active component members, U.S. Armed Forces, July 2000-June 2005; Update: pre- and post ...

Report
Jan 1, 2005

MSMR Vol. 11 No. 3 – May/June 2005

.PDF | 221.78 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Mortality among members of active components, U.S. Armed Forces, 2004; Vaccine preventable diseases, active components, U.S. Armed Forces, 1998-2004; Update: pre- and post-deployment health assessments, U.S. ...

Report
Jan 1, 2005

MSMR Vol. 11 No. 4 – July/August 2005

.PDF | 225.51 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Update: Human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1) antibody screening among active and Reserve component soldiers and civilian applicants for military service, January 1990-June 2005; Case reports: Malaria in ...

Policy
Oct 4, 2004

Directive: #DODD 6200.04, Force Health Protection

This Directive establishes policy and assigns responsibility for implementing Force Health Protection measures, on behalf of all Military Service members during active and Reserve military service, encompassing the full spectrum of missions, responsibilities, and actions of the DOD Components in establishing, sustaining, restoring, and improving the ...

  • Identification #: DODD 6200.04
  • Type: Directive
Report
Jan 1, 2004

MSMR Vol. 10 No. 2– April 2004

.PDF | 502.81 KB

A monthly publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch. This issue of the peer-reviewed journal contains the following articles: Hospitalizations among active component members, U.S. Armed Forces, 2003; Ambulatory visits among active component members, U.S. Armed Forces, 2003; Estimates of absolute and relative morbidity burdens ...

Skip subpage navigation
Refine your search
Last Updated: July 11, 2023
Follow us on Instagram Follow us on LinkedIn Follow us on Facebook Follow us on X Follow us on YouTube Sign up on GovDelivery