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Vaccine-Preventable Diseases

Vaccines are essential to the Medically Ready Force.

Vaccines:

  • Are our best defenses against some still common and sometimes deadly diseases.
  • Prevent infections, such as tetanus, typhoid fever, measles, yellow fever, smallpox and anthrax, to name just a few.
  • Maintain the Medically Ready Force. We fight as a team. All team members must be healthy.
  • Help you return home healthy and help your family stay that way.

Vaccines are among the most important accomplishments in medicine. Vaccines have saved more lives throughout the world than any other medical invention, including antibiotics or surgery.  Only clean water has saved more lives than vaccines.

Click the following for more information:

How to Use Standing Orders for Vaccine Delivery in the Department of Defense

General Best Practice Guidelines for Vaccine Administration

Administering Vaccines to Adults: Dose, Route, Site, and Needle Size

DHA-IHD Information Papers (Overview of disease, vaccine, policy, etc.)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Vaccine Information Statements

Food and Drug Administration-Approved Vaccine Package Inserts

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Guidelines

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Measles Myths: Vaccines Do Not Cause Autism

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9/12/2019
Measles Myths: Vaccines Do Not Cause Autism

Vaccines that prevent measles do not cause autism. Dr. Margaret Ryan, preventive medicine physician, debunks some myths about vaccinations.

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Vaccines: A public health success story

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8/7/2019
Tech Sgt. Joseph Anthony, medical technician with the 911th Aeromedical Staging Squadron, administers a vaccination to a member of the U.S. Army Reserve’s 336 Engineering Company Command and Control, Chemical Radiological and Nuclear Response Enterprise Team at the Pittsburgh International Airport Air Reserve Station, Pennsylvania, April 11, 2019. Department of Defense-issued vaccinations are used to prevent a variety of diseases that military members may encounter in the course of their duties. (U.S. Air Force photo by Joshua J. Seybert)

Maintaining a medically ready force is just one of many reasons to vaccinate

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Program Executive Office, Defense Healthcare Management Systems Fact Sheet

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7/30/2019

This fact sheet provides an overview of the Program Executive Office, Defense Healthcare Management Systems (PEO DHMS) -- an acquisition organization that oversees three program management offices.

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Checklist: Best Practices for Vaccination Clinics Held at Satellite, Temporary, or Off-Site Locations

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6/21/2019

A step-by-step guide to help clinic supervisors follow Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Department of Defense (DoD) guidelines while overseeing any nontraditional vaccination clinic setting.

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Administering Vaccines to Adults: Dose, Route, Site, and Needle Size

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6/1/2019

An illustrated reference guide showing how to administer vaccines to adults.

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Measles vaccine protects against potentially serious illness

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4/4/2019
A Salvadoran nurse vaccinates a baby during a Task Force Northstar mission in El Salvador to provide medical care and other humanitarian and civic assistance. The mission involved U.S. military personnel working alongside their Brazilian, Canadian, Chilean, and Salvadoran counterparts. (U.S. Army Photo by Sgt. Kim Browne)

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Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Recommended Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Aged 18 Years or Younger — United States, 2019

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2/8/2019

The 2019 child and adolescent immunization schedule summarizes the recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), including several changes from the 2018 immunization schedule.

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III MEF Force Health Protection Requirements 2019

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MILPERSMAN 1730-020 Immunization Exemptions for Religious Beliefs

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Process for requesting immunization exemptions, pursuant to the Navy Military Personnel Manual.

Vaccination Coverage for Selected Vaccines and Exemption Rates Among Children in Kindergarten — United States, 2017–18 School Year

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10/12/2018

Immunization programs conduct annual kindergarten vaccination assessments to monitor school-entry vaccination coverage for all state-required vaccines. Median vaccination coverage was 94.3% for 2 doses of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine; 95.1% for the state-required number of doses of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine; and 93.8% for 2 doses of varicella vaccine.

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Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19–35 Months — United States, 2017

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10/12/2018

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends routine vaccination by age 24 months against 14 potentially serious illnesses. In 2017, coverage with most recommended vaccines among children aged 19–35 months remained stable and high but was lower in more rural areas and among uninsured or Medicaid-insured children.

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Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 2 Years — U.S. Affiliated Pacific Islands, April–October, 2016

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5/25/2018

A new method of estimating vaccine coverage by medical record abstraction in the remote U.S. Affiliated Pacific Islands showed coverage with the combined six-vaccine series by age 2 years ranged from 19.5% to 69.1%.

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Navy Petty Officer 3rd Class Luis Echevarria draws up the new vaccine for shingles at Naval Hospital Jacksonville, Florida.  Shingrix is recommended for healthy adults 50 and older even if they’ve already had shingles or received the previous shingles vaccine. (U.S. Navy photo by Petty Officer 1st Class Jacob Sippel)

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Department of Defense Global, Laboratory-based Influenza Surveillance Program’s Influenza vaccine effectiveness estimates and surveillance trends, 2016 – 2017 Influenza Season

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2/5/2018
Each year, the Department of Defense (DoD) Global, Laboratory-based Influenza Surveillance Program performs surveillance for influenza among service members of the DoD and their dependent family members. In addition to routine surveillance, vaccine effectiveness (VE) studies are performed and results are shared with the Food and Drug Administration, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the World Health Organization for vaccine evaluation. This report documents the annual surveillance trends for the 2016 – 2017 influenza season and the end-of-season VE results. The analysis was performed by the U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Epidemiology Laboratory, and the DoD Influenza Surveillance Program staff at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH. FINDINGS: A total of 5,555 specimens were tested from 84 locations: •	2,486 (44.7%) negative •	1,382 (24.9%) influenza A •	1,093 (19.7%) other respiratory pathogens •	443 (8.0%) influenza B •	151 (2.7%) co-infections The predominant influenza strain was A (H3N2), representing 73.8% of all circulating influenza. Pie chart displays this information. Graph showing the numbers and percentages of respiratory specimens positive for influenza viruses, and numbers of influenza viruses identified, by type, by surveillance week, Department of Defense healthcare beneficiaries, 2016 – 2017 influenza season displays. The vaccine effectiveness (VE) for this season was slightly lower than for the 2015 – 2016 season, which had a 63% (95% confidence interval: 53% - 71%) adjusted VE. The adjusted VE for the 2016 – 2017 season was 48% protective against all types of influenza.  Access the full report in the January 2018 MSMR (Vol. 25, No. 1). Go to: www.Health.mil/MSMR

This infographic documents the annual surveillance trends for the 2016 – 2017 influenza season and the end-of-season vaccine effectiveness.

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Global Routine Vaccination Coverage, 2016

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An update on the Global Vaccine Action Plan 2011-2020, which calls on all countries to reach routine immunization coverage of 90 percent or greater.

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